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pre-design & site selection

Pre-Design Phase


Pre-design is the phase of analysis that occurs after some form of funding is available and before design begins. During the pre-design phase, studies are done to analyze space requirement issues, the constraints and opportunities of the proposed site, and the cost versus the budget. The amount of funding available in the pre-design phase varies and is a critical factor in determining which studies take precedence. Funds may be available to develop a detailed project program or only to investigate certain technical issues in order to determine scope, budget, or project schedule.

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The pre-design phase may include site analysis, programming, construction cost analysis, and value engineering.

  • Site analysis includes site selection, geotechnical reports, and review of existing structures.

  • Programming defines the project needs of the user. Programming includes cataloging the spaces and equipment needed, and functional relationships.

  • The construction cost analysis provides a construction budget amount for the capital improvement budget (CIB) and a cost plan to assist in explaining the budget and in guiding project management.

  • Value engineering in the pre-design phase scrutinizes the program, site selection, and project budget.

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